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Research interests

  • The role of patients’ perceptions of illness and outcome in chronic illness.
  • Adherence to treatment.
  • Nocebo and placebo effects.
  • Symptom appraisal and delay in seeking medical care.
  • The influence of psychological factors on immune activity.
  • The effect of environmental worries and concerns about modernity on health perceptions and symptom reporting.
  • Fatigue in aircrew during international long-haul operations.

Recent Publications


  1. Barsky, A., Bingel, U., Colloca, L., Petrie, Keith J., Rief, W., Schedlowski, M., Wiech, K., & (2021). Fear of side effects and COVID vaccine hesitancy. JAMA Health Forum. Published online April 16, 2021. doi: 10.1001/jamahealthforum.2021.0804
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  2. MacKrill, K., Silverster, C., Pennebaker, J.W., & Petrie, K.J. (2021). What makes an idea worth spreading? Language markers of popularity in TED talks by academics and other speakers. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 1-11. doi: 10.1002/asi.24471
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  3. Vedhara, K., Weinman. J., Petrie, K.J., Gurdasani, D., Morling, J.R., & Ball, J.K. (2021). Mind your language: Language and outcomes in the COVID-19 pandemic, and lessons for the future. Academy of Social Sciences, Published online June 3, 2021.
  4. Sivertsen, B., Hysing, M., Harvey, A.G., Petrie, K.J. (2021). The epidemiology of insomnia and sleep duration across mental and physical health. The SHOT study. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 662572. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.662572
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  5. Perera, A.I., Thomas, M.G., Petrie, K.J., Frater, J., Dang, D., Schache, K.R., Akroyd, A.F., Ritchie, S.R. (2021). Reducing expectations for antibiotics with upper respiratory tract infections: A primary care randomised controlled trial. Annals of Family Medicine, 19, 232-239. doi: 10.1370/afm.2672
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  6. Gasteiger, C., & Petrie, K.J. (2021). Symptom perception and interpretation. In Comprehensive Clinical Psychology, 2nd Edition G. Asmundson, Crombez, G (Eds.) Elsevier Press, NY. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-818697-8.00067-4
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  7. Derksen, C., Murdoch, R., Petrie, K.J., & Dalbeth, N. (2021). “An apple pie a day does not keep the doctor away” Fictional depictions of gout in contemporary film and television. BMC Rheumatology 5(1):4. doi: 10.1186/s41927-020-00174-z
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  8. MacKrill. K., Webster, R., Rubin, G.J., Witthoft, M., Silvester, C., Emad, Y., Petrie, K.J. (2021). When symptoms become side effects: Development of the Side Effect Attribution Scale (SEAS). Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 141, 110340. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.110340
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  9. Kingsbury M., Reme B.A., Skogen J.C., Sivertsen, B., Øverland, S., Cantor, N., Hysing, M., Petrie, K.J., Colman, I. (2021). Differential associations between types of social media use and young adults’ self-harm and suicidal behaviour. Computers in Human Behavior, 155, 106614. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2020.106614
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  10. Kleinstauber, M., Colgan, S., & Petrie, K.J. (2021). Changing understanding, perceptions, pain relief and preference for generic medicines with patient education: An experimental intervention study. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 17,1288-1299. doi: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2020.09.014
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  11. Hames, J.L., Gasteiger, C., McKenzie, M.R., Rowley, S., Serlachius, A., Juth, V & Petrie, K.J. (2021). Predictors of parental stress – The journey from admission to discharge in the neonatal special care unit. Child: Care, Health & Development, 47, 243-251. doi: 10.1111/cch.12829
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  1. Pressman, S.D., Petrie, K.J., & Sivertsen, B. (2020). How strongly are positive affect and exercise associated? Results from a large general population of young adults? Clinical Psychology Europe 2020, Vol. 2(4), Article e3103,
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  2. MacKrill, K., Gamble, G., & Petrie, K.J. (2020). The effect of television and print news stories on nocebo responding following a generic medication switch. Clinical Psychology Europe, 2(2), 2623. doi: 10.32872/cpe.v2i2.2623
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  3. Akroyd, A., Gunn, K.N., Rankin, S., Douglas, M., Kleinstauber, M., Rief, W., & Petrie, K.J. (2020). Optimizing patient expectations to improve therapeutic response to medical treatment: A randomized controlled trial of iron infusion therapy. British Journal of Health Psychology, 25, 639-651. doi:10.1111/bjhp.12435
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  4. MacKrill, K., Groom, K.M., & Petrie, K.J. (2020). The effect of symptom-tracking apps on symptom reporting. British Journal of Health Psychology, 25, 1074-1085 doi:10.1111/bjhp.12459
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  5. Alberts, J., Lowe, B., Glahn, M.A., Petrie, K.J., Laferton, J.A.C., Nestoriuc, Y., & Shedden-Mora, M.C. (2020). Development of the generic, multidimensional Treatment Expectation Questionnaire (TEX-Q). BMJ Open 10:e036169. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2019-036169
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  6. Rosenberg, S.M., Petrie, K.J., Stanton, A.L., Finnerty, E., & Partridge, A.H. (2020). Interventions to enhance adherence to oral anti-neoplastic agents: A scoping review. JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 112, 443-465. doi:10.1093/jnci/djz244/5695711
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  7. Gasteiger, C., Jones, A.S.K., Kleinstauber, M., Lobo, M., Horne, R., Dalbeth, N., & Petrie, K.J. (2020). The effects of message framing on patients’ perceptions and willingness to switch to a biosimilar. Arthritis Care & Research., 72, 1323-1330. doi: 10.1002/acr.24012
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  8. MacKrill, K., & Petrie, K.J. (2020). Conducting a correlational study using publicly available data to investigate a nation-wide nocebo effect. SAGE Research Method Cases: Medicine and Health. doi: 10.4135/9781529733815
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  9. Gasteiger, C., Lobo, M., Dalbeth, N., & Petrie, K.J. (2020). Patients’ beliefs and behaviours are associated with perceptions of safety and concerns in a hypothetical biosimilar switch. Rheumatology International, 72, 1323-1330. doi: 10.1007s00296-020-04576-7
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  10. Hysing, M., Petrie, K.J., Boe, T., Lonning, K.J., & Sivertsen, B. (2020). Only the lonely: A study of loneliness among university students in Norway. Clinical Psychology Europe 2(1), 2781 doi: 10.32872/cpe.v2i1.2781
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  11. Krasnoryadtseva, A., Dalbeth, N., & Petrie, K.J. (2020). The effect of different styles of medical illustration on information comprehension, the perception of educational material and illness perceptions. Patient Education and Counseling, 103, 556-562. doi:10.1016/j.pec2019.09.026
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  12. Krasnoryadtseva, A., Derksen, C., Dalbeth, N., & Petrie, K.J. (2020). Not every picture tells a story: a content analysis of visual images in patient education resources about gout. Journal of Rheumatology, 47, 1815-21. doi:10.3899/jrheum.191245
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  13. Kleinstauber, M., Wolf, L., Jones A.S.K., Dalbeth, N., Petrie, K.J. (2020). Internalised and anticipated stigma in patients with gout. ACR Open Rheumatology, 2, 11-17. doi:10.1002/acr.11095
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  14. Dalbeth, N., Douglas, M., MacKrill, K., Te Karu, L., Kleinstauber, M., & Petrie, K.J. (2020). The impact of the illness label “gout” on illness and treatment perceptions in Māori (Indigenous New Zealanders). BMC Rheumatology, 4, 23. doi: 10.1186/s41927-020-00120-z
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  1. Petrie, K.J., & Rief, W. (2019). Psychobiological mechanisms of placebo and nocebo effects: Pathways to improve treatments and reduce side effects. Annual Review of Psychology, 70,12.1-12.27. doi: 10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102907 Read more
  2. Petrie, K.J., MacKrill, K., Silvester, C., Dalbeth, N., & Pennebaker, J.W. (2019). OK Computer? A time analysis of Google searches about symptoms. Clinical Psychology in Europe, 1(2), 32774. doi:10.32872/cpe.v1i2.32774 Read more
  3. Jones, A.S.K., Kleinstauber, M., Akroyd, A., Mittendorf, A., Bognuda, P., Merrie, A.E.H., Eva, L., Fernandez, J., & Petrie, K.J. (2019). Using animated visualisation to improve post-operative mobilisation: A randomised controlled trial. Health Psychology. doi: 10.1037/hea0000761 Read more
  4. MacKrill, K., Gamble, G., Bean, D., Cundy, T., & Petrie, K.J. (2019). Evidence of a media-induced nocebo response following a nation-wide antidepressant drug switch. Clinical Psychology in Europe, 1(1), e29642, doi: 10.32872/cpe.v1i1.29642 Read more
  5. Jordan, K.N., Pennebaker, J.W., Petrie, K.J., & Dalbeth, N. (2019). Googling gout: understanding the perceptions and experience of gout through linguistic analysis of online search activities. Arthritis Care & Research, 71, 419-426. doi: 10.1002/acr.23598 Read more
  6. MacKrill, K., Kleinstauber, M., & Petrie, K.J. (2019). The effect of rebranding generic medicines on drug efficacy and side effects. Psychology & Health. doi: 10.1080/08870446.2019.1616088 Read more
  7. Krasnoryadtseva, A., Dalbeth, N., & Petrie, K.J. (2019) Does seeing personal images change beliefs about illness and treatment in people with gout? Psychology & Health.  doi: 10.1080/08870446.2019.1626396 Read more
  8. Gasteiger, C., Jones, A.S.K., Kleinstauber, M., Lobo, M., Horne, R., Dalbeth, N., & Petrie, K.J. (2019). The effects of message framing on patients’ perceptions and willingness to switch to a biosimilar. Arthritis Care & Research. Read more
  9. Krasnoryadtseva, A., Dalbeth, N., & Petrie, K.J. (2019). The effect of different styles of medical illustration on information comprehension, the perception of educational material and illness perceptions. Patient Education and Counseling. doi:10.1016/j.pec2019.09.026 Read more
  10. Kleinstauber, M., Wolf, L., Jones A.S.K., Dalbeth, N., Petrie, K.J. (2019). Internalised and anticipated stigma in patients with gout. ACR Open Rheumatology. doi:10.1002/acr.11095 Read more
  11. Boe, T, Petrie, K.J., Sivertsen, B., Hysing, M. (2019). Interplay of subjective and objective economic well-being on the mental health of Norwegian adolescents. SSM Population Health, 9, 100471. doi: 10.1060/j.ssmph.2019.100471 Read more
  12. Jones, A.S.K., Kleinstauber, M., Martin, L.R., Fernandez, J., Petrie, K.J. (2019). Development and validation of the Health Visual Information Preference Index. British Journal of Health Psychology,doi: 10.1111/bjhp.12370 Read more


  1. Petrie, K.J., Pressman, S.D., Pennebaker, J.W., Øverland, S., Tell, G.S & Sivertsen, B. (2018). What links positive affect to mortality? Results from a general population longitudinal study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine.  doi:10.1093/abm/kax018 Read more
  2. Dalbeth, N., & Petrie, K.J. (2018). It’s time to change the name of gout. BMJ. Feb 5. Read more
  3. Petrie, K.J., MacKrill, K., Derksen, C., & Dalbeth, N. (2018).  An illness by any other name: The effect of renaming gout on illness and treatment perceptions. Health Psychology, 37,37-41. doi: 10.1037/hea0000548 Read more
  4. Faasse, K., Yeom, B., Parkes, B., Kearney, J., & Petrie, K.J. (2018). The influence of social modeling, gender and empathy on side effects. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. doi: 10.1093/abm/kax025. Read more
  5. Bøe, T., Serlachius, A., Sivertsen, B, Petrie, K.J., Hysing, M. (2018). Cumulative effects of negative life events and family stress on children’s mental health: The Bergen Child Study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology,53,1-9. doi: 10.1007/s00127-017-1451-4  Read more
  6. Mathur, A., Jarrett, P., Broadbent, E., Petrie, K.J. (2018). Open-label placebos for wound healing: A randomized controlled trial. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. doi: 10.1093/abm/kax057 Read more
  7. Jones, A.S.K., Coetzee, B., Kagee, A., Fernandez, J., Cleveland, E., Thomas, M., Petrie, K.J. (2018). The use of a brief, active visualisation intervention to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy in non-adherent patients in South Africa. AIDS and Behavior. 10.1007/s10461-018-2292-1 Read more
  8. MacKrill, K., & Petrie, K.J. (2018). What is associated with increased side effects and lower perceived efficacy following switching to a generic medicine? A New Zealand cross-sectional patient survey. BMJ Open. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023667 Read more
  9. Kleinstäuber, M., MacKrill, K., & Petrie, K.J. (2018). What characterizes individuals who prefer branded innovator over generic medicines? A New Zealand general population survey. Drugs & Therapy Perspectives, 34, 478-483. doi:10.1007/s40267-018-0541-z Read more
  10. Serlachius, A. Hames, J., Juth, V., Garton, D., Rowley, S., Petrie, K.J. & (2018). Parental experiences of family-centred care from admission to discharge in the neonatal intensive care unit. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. doi: 10.1111/jpc.14063 Read more
  11. Jordan, K.N., Pennebaker, J.W., Petrie, K.J., & Dalbeth, N. (2018). Googling gout: understanding the perceptions and experience of gout through linguistic analysis of online search activities. Arthritis Care & Research. doi: 10.1002/acr.23598 Read more


  1. Jones, A.S.K., & Petrie, K.J. (2017). I can see clearly now: Using active visualization to improve adherence to ART and PrEP. AIDS and Behavior21, 335-340. doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1611-7 Read more
  2. Bøe, T., Skogen J.C., Sivertsen, B, Hysing, M. Petrie, K.J., Dearing, E., & Zachrisson, H.D. (2017). Economic volatility in childhood and subsequent mental health problems: A longitudinal population-based study of adolescents. BMJ Open.7(9):e017030. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017030 Read more
  3. Sivertsen, B., Bøe, T., Skogen, J.C., Petrie, K.J., Hysing, M. (2017). Moving into poverty during childhood is associated with later sleep problems. Sleep Medicine, 37, 54-59. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2017.06.005 Read more
  4. Hysing, M., Petrie, K.J., Boe, T, Lallukka, T., & Sivertsen, B. (2017).  The social gradient of sleep in adolescence: Results from the youth@hordaland survey.  European Journal of Public Health, 27,65-71.  doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckw200 Read more
  5. Martin, L., & Petrie, K.J. (2017). Understanding the dimensions of anti-vaccination attitudes: The Vaccination Attitudes Examination (VAX) Scale. Annals of Behavioral Medicine,51,652-660. doi: 10.1007/s12160-017-9888-y Read more
  6. Rief, W., Shedden-Mora, M., Laferton, J.A., Auer, C., Petrie, K.J., Salzmann, S., Schedlowski, M., Moosdorf, R. (2017).  Preoperative optimization of patient expectations improves long-term outcome in heart surgery patients: Results of the randomized controlled PSY-HEART trial. BMC Medicine. 15(1),4. doi: 10.1186/s12916-016-0767-3 Read more
  7. Jones, A.S.K., Fernandez, J., Grey, A., & Petrie, K.J. (2017). The impact of 3-D models versus animations on perceptions of osteoporosis and treatment motivation: A randomized trial. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 51,899-911. doi:10.1007/s12160-017-9913-1 Read more
  8. Hysing, M., Petrie, K.J., & Sivertsen, B. (2017). Parental work absenteeism is associated with increased symptom complaints and school absence in adolescent children. BMC Public Health, 17,439. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4368-7 Read more
  9. Derksen, C., Serlachius, A., Petrie, K.J., & Dalbeth, N. (2017). “What say ye gout experts?” A content analysis of questions about gout posted on the social news website Reddit. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders18, 488. doi: 10.1186/s12891-017-1856-y Read more
  10. Perera, A., Serlachius, A., Booth, R.J., & Petrie, K.J. (2017). Are medical students becoming less altruistic and more money orientated? A three wishes survey. Medical Student Research Journal. 10.15404/msrj/09.2017.0145 Read more
  11. Petrie, K.J., & Weinman, J. (2017).The PACE trial: It’s time to broaden perceptions and move on (Invited commentary). Journal of Health Psychology, 22,1198-1200. doi: 10.1177/1359105317703789 Read more
  12. Hemmington, A., Dalbeth, N., Jarrett, P., Fraser, A.G., Broom, R., Browett, P., & Petrie, K.J. (2017). Medical specialists’ attitudes to prescribing biosimilars. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 26, 570-577. doi: 10.1002/pds.4186 Read more
  13. Sivertsen, B., Petrie, K.J., Skogen, J.C., Hysing, M., & Eberhard-Gran, M. (2017). Insomnia before and after childbirth: The risk of developing postpartum pain. A longitudinal population-based study. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology and Reproductive Biology, 210, 348-354doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2017.01.020 Read more
  14. Kalluru, R., Petrie, K.J., Grey, A., Nisa, Z., Horne, A.M., Gamble, G., & Bolland M. (2017). Accuracy of perceptions of fracture risk and osteoporosis treatment benefits: A randomised trial. BMJ Open, 7(2): e013703. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013703. Read more
  15. Faasse, K., Pereira, A., Loveys, K., Grey, A., & Petrie, K.J. (2017). Enhancing treatment effectiveness through social modelling: A pilot study. Psychology and Health, 32, 626-638. doi: 10.151080/08870446.2017.1293056 Read more